Frequently Asked Questions

General
1. How many versions of the Ring exist?
2. Is the Ring a true story?
3. Where can I download the cursed videos?
4. What's the deal with the Ring Radio Drama?
5. What's the deal with this FAQ?
6. What does the titile Ring mean?
7. Is it Sadako Yamamura or Yamamura Sadako?
8. What was the Ring storyline inspired by in the first place?
 
The book series
Ring
1. How do victims die in the Ring novel?
2. Why does the clerk not want to give Asakawa the videotape?
3. What do Abstract and Concrete mean?
4. Was En no Ozunu a real person?
5. What does the old lady in the cursed vieo say?
6. What does the cabin's letter and number, B-4, mean?
7. What was the well like in the novels?
8. Did Ryuji really rape those women?
Rasen
9. Why does And˘'s wife want divorce?
10. What's the deal with the Ring Virus?
11. What was the relationship between And˘ and Mai?
12. How did Ryuji know that And˘ was going to be the one to do the autopsy of his body?
13. Why did Sadako leave Mai's body in that ventilation shaft?
14. Whay did Sadako lie to And˘ that she was Mai's older sister?
15. Does the reborn Sadako still have the Testicular Feminization Syndrome?
16. What's the deal with the beach scene in the end?
 
Television Specials
Ring: Kanzenban
1. Is there an English subtitled version of Ring: Kanzenban?
2. Why are there two versions of Ring: Kanzenban?
3. Why do some death scenes vary between both versions of Kanzenban?
4. Why are there two different versions of the cursed video?
5. What does Sadako's daylight appearance to Ryuji mean?
6. Why does the cursed video change during the movie?
7. What's the deal with the incestous relationship between Sadako and Ikuma?
8. What's the deal with the baby that Sadako clutches when she's about to kill Ryuji?
 
Japanese theatrical series
Ring
1. Why is the cursed video described by the urban legend different from the real one?
2. How did Yoichi know about Tomoko's TV and Tomoko having seen the cursed video?
3. What is the meaning of the shamblers in the cursed video?
4. Who is the woman Ryuji sees the day after having seen the cursed video?
5. How do the victims die in the theatrical series?
6. What does the Towel Man say in slow motion?
7. How did Shizuko get her extra-sensorial powers?
8. Did Ryuji know about the well before actually seeing it under Cabin B-4?
Ring 2
9. How could have Sadako survived in the well for 30 years?
10. How could Masami project the whole cursed video if she never saw it?
11. What was the relationship between Dr. Kawajiri and Ryuji?
12. Was Takano Mai in love with Ryuji?
13. Why did Okazaki betray Kanae?
14. What's the deal with the mirror-switching scene being shown completely?
15. What does Sadako mean with "Why are you the only ones saved?"?
16. Does Sadako's video curse end in Ring 2?
Ring 0: Birthday
17. What's the point of the scene of the two girls talking about the cursed video?
18. Why is Miyaji searching for Sadako?
19. Why do the members of the Hish˘ Acting Troupe hate Sadako?
20. Why does Sadako kill Aiko?
21. What's the deal with the mysterious screeching sound when Sadako kills someone?
22. Are Sadako and T˘yama in love?
23. How could evil Sadako espape from the small room Ikuma held her in?
24. Who is Sadako's real father?
 
The Ring Virus
1. How does the "nursery rhyme" Sang-Mi and Chang hear at the phone relate to the cursed video?
2. Why is the cursed video blue and blurry?
3. What does the old lady in the cursed video say?
4. What's the deal with the nensha X-ray image Choe Yol gives to Sun-Ju?
5. Is Boram Choe Yol's daughter?
6. What does Choe Yol refer to with "We saw something not of this world."?
7. Who is Choe Yol calling before he dies?
8. What's the point with those jumping piggies in Choe Yol's death scene?
 
American theatrical series
The Ring
1. Why are the corpses not in the same place where the victims die?
2. Why do the corpses of Samara's victims have rotten, greenish-blue faces?
3. Can videotapes really have images off to the side?
4. What's the song which Samara sings in the short version of the cursed video?
5. Was Samara adopted or not?
6. Does Samara have a middle name?
7. What are those strange images, signed with Samara's name?
8. What are the lyrics of the song, that Samara sang right before being tossed into the well?
Rings / The Ring twO
9. Why doesn't Timmy want to watch Jake's tape?
10. Why does Emily close her eyes while watching Jake's tape?
11. Why did Daveigh not want to return back to her role of Samara in The Ring twO?
12. Why do the deer attack Rachel and Aidan?
13. Why did many mothers come to Evelyn?
14. Why does Samara want so hard to be Aidan?
15. What's the point of Rachel's coarse-language line right before she closes the lid of the well?
16. Does the curse end in The Ring twO?
 
Miscellaneous
1. Which languages were the books translated to?
2. Where to get the television specials?
3. Wasn't part of the Ring storyline based on real people and events?
4. Why are some of the cursed videos in the download section in such a bad quality?
5. What's the deal with the Ring: Saishuushou cursed videos?
6. Why is there no scene-by-scene analysis of The Ring twO cursed video on this site?
7. Are Asakawa Kazuyuki, Noah Clay, Richard Morgan and Samara Morgan real people?
8. Will any further Ring stories/versions be made?
 

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General

1. How many versions of the Ring exist?
In total, there are 9 different versions of Ring, namely the novel, the Ring Novel manga, Ring: Kanzenban (which in turn has 2 versions), the Ring Radio Drama, Ring (1998), the Ring Movie Tie-In manga, Ring: Saishuushou, The Ring Virus, and The Ring.
There are 4 different versions of Rasen, namely the novel, the manga, the movie and the TV series.
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2. Is the Ring a true story?
The Ring is not a true story. It was made up by Japanese author Suzuki K˘ji (called the Stephen King of Japan), and then adapted into various other forms, mostly theatrical movies.
Any rumors you might have heard that there's a real cursed video, are false.
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3. Where can I download the cursed videos?
On this very site, in the Downloads section.
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4. What's the deal with the Ring Radio Drama?
The Ring Radio Drama is a radio series adaptation of the Ring novel. Its main character is Asakawa Toru, a popular radio D.J., who starts investigating on the cursed video after one of his staff members drops dead. He's investigating on the cursed video with a young assistant, named Shimosawa.
The Ring Radio Drama has been released on CD, but the actual company that released it is unknown. Some sources state that it was Kadokawa Shoten (the same company that published the original books and the Japanese Ring theatrical movies DVD series), but other sources state that it was PolyStar.
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5. What's the deal with this FAQ?
All the information from this FAQ has been gathered either from the personal knowledge of yours truly, or from Internet sources.
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6. What does the titile Ring mean?
No, it does not mean the circle that the well's lid formed as seen from below, at least not in its origins.
In its origins, the title Ring means the circular nature of the curse - watch-copy-pass-watch-copy-pass-..., which never ends.
It was DreamWorks SKG who changed the title's meaning for their 2002 theatrical remake of the 1998 theatrical movie, to the circle that the well's lid formed as seend from below.
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7. Is it Sadako Yamamura or Yamamura Sadako?
In Japanese and Korean (and Chinese as well), names are listed by specifying last name first.
Now, it's a common virtue among Ring fans to list the names in the order they appear in the language a certain version was made in.
However, if you see written somewhere Sadako Yamamura and Eun-Suh Park instead of Yamamura Sadako and Park Eun-Suh, it's still correct, but written with last name first.
Also, for both Japanese and Korean, there are verious romanization systems. So for example, Ring: Saishuushou appears as Ring: Saishűsh˘ on some sites, as well as Eun-Suh is sometimes spelled as Un-Sue or something like that. It's all correct, just a different romanization was used.
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8. What was the Ring storyline inspired by in the first place?
Author Suzuki K˘ji said that he got the inspired to write the Ring novel by his favorite movie, Poltergeist.
He also said that he got ispired to use the videotape as the curse object when he saw an unmarked videotape lying on his desk, just as he was starting to write the story.
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The book series

Ring

1. How do victims die in the Ring novel?
In simple terms, they see a reflection of themselves horribly ages (described as 100 years in the future) in a reflective surface, and that scares them do death.
In more detail, we find out that the victims suffer a heart failure, which is cased by the Ring Virus, which is caused by the cursed videotape.
As explained in Rasen, the videotape causes a virus, which is 7 parts smallpox and 3 parts Sadako's DNA.
This virus causes a tumor, which, unless the victim finds a solution to the curse (which, as discovered in Rasen, is NOT copying the tape and showing it to someone else), in exactly one week from the second you watched it, grows so big that it covers the coronary arteria, causing heart failure.
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2. Why does the clerk not want to give Asakawa the videotape?
No-one knows for sure, why that happens. Either the clerk knew that the videotape was cursed, or he simply thought that the videotape might have been something private so watching it would techincally be a violation of privacy.
However, it's also possible that the clerk, not having watched it, though the videotape contained some private pornography, and thus tried to keep it for himself, in fear that it might lead him in trouble if discovered that he has it.
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3. What do Abstract and Concrete mean?
In the novel (and both Ring: Kanzenban and The Ring Virus), Ryuji classified the scenes of the cursed video to abstract and concrete scenes (by the way, this same classification is used for all of the cursed videos of which a scene-by-scene analysis is on this site).
The scenes, marked as Abstract, are those that Sadako had in her mind, and thus never saw with her eyes.
The scenes, marked as Concrete, are those that Sadako actually saw with her eyes.
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4. Was En no Ozunu a real person?
Yes, he was. He was an ascetic buddhist, who was exiled and found refugee in Japan. He fled from town to town, until he finally came to the island of Izu-Oshima.
His real name was Edachi-no-kimi Ozunu, but he later came to be known as 
During World War II, all buddhistic references were thrown into the sea, including all of the statuettes of En no Ozunu (of which a cult has been woshipped for a long time in some parts of Asia).
En no Ozunu was believed to have had terrible powers, including the power of t˘shi (clairvoyance).
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5. What does the old lady in the cursed vieo say?
There is a section of this site, which is all about that. It's the Lines of Sadako's grandmother section.
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6. What does the cabin's letter and number, B-4, mean?
Most probably, Suzuki chose the combination B-4 because of its pronunciation resemblance with the English word before (note that it's common usage in the SMS messages and on the Internet to shorten the word before to b4 or B4).
Now, why before? It's simple. Most probably, Suzuki wanted to show that the cabin was connected to the past, and even more - he probably wanted to show that the cabin was a portal to the past, which it actually was, since it was there, where the cursed video appeared in the first place.
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7. What was the well like in the novels?
It was a circular, stone well, just like the wells from The Ring Virus and The Ring.
As for how it was determined, there are two clues.
Firstly, there's the scene in the cursed video, which is the view from the well, and is exactly how it also appeared in the Ring (1998) cursed video - a "moon" with a man's face, and the novel version also featured stones falling, until a total blackness.
Secondly, the well itself is described to look like a pile of stones, put one onto another, when Asakawa and Ryuji find it.
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8. Did Ryuji really rape those women?
No-one knows for sure. He told Asakawa that he did, but he told his favorite student (possibly also lover), Takano Mai, that he had never slept with a woman.
It's possible that Ryuji made up the story about the rapes just in order to gain Asakawa's friendship, since, as commone practice goes, once you confess someone a dark secret, they're unlikely to leave you alone.
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Rasen

9. Why does And˘'s wife want divorce?
She wants divorce, because of the death of their son, And˘ Takanori. She believes that his death was her husband's fault.
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10. What's the deal with the Ring Virus?
As already explained in the question about how the victims die in the Ring novel, the victims suffer a heart failure, which is cased by the Ring Virus, which is caused by the cursed videotape.
The videotape causes a virus, which is 7 parts smallpox and 3 parts Sadako's DNA.
Anyway, here's an explanation on how Sadako made that virus.
She has the power of nensha (psychography) at a cellular level, so since she got the smallpox virus when she was raped by Nagao J˘tar˘, who was the last known person in Japan to have been treated for smallpox.
So, Sadako got smallpox from Nagao, and using her power, merged it with her DNA, which he stored on the tape, in hope it would someone make her be reborn. And in Rasen, it does happen. Takano Mai does give birth to a reborn Sadako one week after watching the cursed video.
So anyway, when a victim watches the cursed video, and thus contracts the virus, they have three possibilities: they either don't do anything and die, give birth to a reborn Sadako and die, or they solve the curse and live.
But there's a problem. When Tomoko and company watched the cursed video, they thought it was a joke, so they recorded a TV commercial over the last part of the final written message, which had the solution to the curse. This modified the virus, so that copying it and showing it to someone elese either isn't the solution anymore, or wasn't the solution at all. No-one knows for sure, since a copy of the cursed video with the intact final written message is never mentioned.
But why did Asakawa survive then? Because he transferred Sadako's curse to his Ring report, which he wrote with Sadako's will.
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11. What was the relationship between And˘ and Mai?
At first, they didn't know each other, then they became friends, and finally, they fell in love with each other. Their relationship lasted until Mai died.
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12. How did Ryuji know that And˘ was going to be the one to do the autopsy of his body?
Ryuji probably had the power of t˘shi (clairvoyance) in the novels, so that's probably how he knew who was going to do the autopsy of his body after he dies.
But, like with many things in the novels, no-one knows for sure, since it's never explicitly explained, how that happened.
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13. Why did Sadako leave Mai's body in that ventilation shaft?
She herself says that she left Mai's body in that ventilation shaft because it resembled the well in South Hakone that she died in.
Of course, this also implies that the ventilation shaft is circular in the novel.
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14. Whay did Sadako lie to And˘ that she was Mai's older sister?
She lied to him because she knew that if she would have told him the truth, he probably wouldn't care that much about here, since she somehow knew that he had already read Asakawa's Ring report and thus he new, who she was and what she did.
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15. Does the reborn Sadako still have the Testicular Feminization Syndrome?
Technically, yes, she does. But in fact, the reborn Sadako considers herself completely dual-gendered, since she can internally ejaculate (yes, she explicitly says that in her final letter to And˘), and she can also bear a child.
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16. What's the deal with the beach scene in the end?
The beach scene means that while the whole world will be saved, except for And˘, his family, Ryuji, and Sadako.
Ryuji gives And˘ the antidote for the Ring Virus in this scene, so this most certainly implies that this Ryuji is actually his clone Kaoru, from Loop.
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Television Specials

Ring: Kanzenban

1. Is there an English subtitled version of Ring: Kanzenban?
Currently, there's no English subtitled version of Ring: Kanzenban already available, but there is one currently being done, with yours truly also being part of the team, as the one to time the subtitles.
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2. Why are there two versions of Ring: Kanzenban?
Simply, because Japanese TV does not allow explicit scenes to be shown, so they had to film alternate takes of those scenes for the broadcast version of the movie.
Note that the straight-to-vide also has other differences from the broadcast version than the explicit scene. The complete list of the is in the Ring: Kanzenban versions comparison section.
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3. Why do some death scenes vary between both versions of Kanzenban?
Generally, because of the explicitness of that particular death scene. However, as for why the location of the deaths and the victims' clothes differ between the two versions of the movie, no-one knows. Probably the producers just didn't take into consideration that someone would spot the differences.
This also means that probably, a straight-to-video version of the movie was initially not planned, at least not planned to be released to the public. But as we all know, it did indeed have a public release.
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4. Why are there two different versions of the cursed video?
Actually, there are more than two different versions of the cursed video. Basically, in every scene that it appears in, it's different. The thing that changes is mostly the order of the scenes' appearance.
As for why it's like that, no-one knows. Probably, it's just a plot hole.
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5. What does Sadako's daylight appearance to Ryuji mean?
It has the exact same meaning as Sadako's daylight appearance to Ryuji in Ring (1998) - she came to show Ryuji that he has been cursed by her.
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6. Why does the cursed video change during the movie?
As already explained in the question about the different version of the cursed video, for why it's like that, no-one knows. Probably, it's just a plot hole.
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7. What's the deal with the incestous relationship between Sadako and Ikuma?
Ikuma was probably the only one who knew about Sadako's gender issue before Nagao raped her.
But anyway, the incestuous relationship was maybe also not incestuous at all. it's possible that Ikuma wasn't Sadako's real father in Kanzenban (just like it's hindet at in the theatrical Ring series). What if Sadako's father was someone else, she knew that, and that allowed her to fall in love with Ikuma?it's possible that Ikuma wasn't Sadako's real father in Kanzenban (just like it's hindet at in the theatrical Ring series). What if Sadako's father was someone else, she knew that, and that allowed her to fall in love with Ikuma?
It's that it's possible that Ikuma wasn't Sadako's real father in Kanzenban (just like it's hindet at in the theatrical Ring series). What if Sadako's father was someone else, she knew that, and that allowed her to fall in love with Ikuma? In that case, the relation ship between Sadako and Ikuma was simply a normal relation ship between a man and a (in appearance) woman.
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8. What's the deal with the baby that Sadako clutches when she's about to kill Ryuji?
When Sadako appears to Ryuji in his death scene, she's clutching a baby. But it's never mentioned that this baby is the same one from the cursed video. This baby in Ryuji's death scene could be a representation of the curse itself. This would also explain Ryuji's line, "It's your child, isn't it.". What Ryuji asked was basically "The curse is your child, isn't it.". It's possible because the curse basically is Sadako's child.
Also, Kanzenban was probably made after the Rasen novel was out. So all child-related parts of Ryuji's death scene in Kanzenban could be a nod to Rasen, where And˘ Mitsuo clearly states that "Sadako wasn't able to have a child, so she made a child of her own in a different way," and this child being the virus, 7 parts smallpox and 3 parts Sadako's DNA. And this virus was able to make a woman get pregnant (just think of what happened to Takano Mai), and give birth to a Sadako version 2.0. So all-in-one, the Ring Virus was Sadako's child.
I think this is the right explanation because later in Kanzenban, Asakawa realizes that the way to save yourself from the curse is to copy the tape and show it to someone else within the one week from the Ryuji's line - "It's your child, isn't it?" (Takano Mai actually repeats this line to Asakawa).
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Japanese theatrical series

Ring

1. Why is the cursed video described by the urban legend different from the real one?
Because that's how the urban legends work. After some time passes, the story the legend is about is so distorted, that it differs greatly from it. This is the very case here.
However,
Masami's little talk in the beginning is just a much shorter and modified version of the above-mentioned parts from the Ring novel.
The story, as she describes it, almost perfectly matches the story in Ring (the novel). The tape is recorded by a kid, who was in a bed in breakfast in Izu (the Villa Log Cabin complex in Hakone in the novel), then he watched it and died (in the novel, the kid forgot the tape there, so he didn't watch it, so he's still alive at the moment). On the video, there's a woman, she's Sadako's grandmother in the novel, and she does have a little speech, but she doesn't tell you, that you will die in one week. What she tells you, is something in the dialect of Izu-Oshima, more specificly, of the Sashikiji prefecture, and it's "So, how has your health been since last time? If you just keep playing in the water, the monster will come for you. Now, be careful of the strangers. Next year, you're going to give birth to a child. So girl, listen to what your grandma is saying. There isn't a reason to mind the people from here, is there?"

The death prediction in the novel version of the cursed video is the message in the end of the tape, and it says: "You, who watched this, you are going to die in one week from now, at this same time. There's only one way to survive. And that is-".
Of course, the last part of it, which is the solution to the curse, was recorded over by the four doomed teenagers, that's why Asakawa, after watching it, starts the investigation.
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2. How did Yoichi know about Tomoko's TV and Tomoko having seen the cursed video?
It's simple. He has been in telepathic contact with Tomoko, now controlled by Sadako, ever since she died. It's most apparent when Asakawa asks him why he watched the cursed video, and he replies: "Tomo-chan... Tomo-chan told me to watch it."
And the next day, when Reiko asked Ryuji about Tomoko, he replied: "That's not Tomoko, not anymore."
This same is said by the spirit of Asakawa's father to Asakawa in the vision she has right before she dies. He says: "The kid there is not your son anymore."
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3. What is the meaning of the shamblers in the cursed video?
The explanation is in the 4th scene part of the Ring (1998) cursed video scene-by-scene analysis. The 4th scene are the shamblers.
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4. Who is the woman Ryuji sees the day after having seen the cursed video?
The woman Ryuji sees the day after having see the cursed video is none else than Yamamura Sadako herself. This scene was proably inspired by a similar scene in Ring: Kanzenban, where Ryuji sees Sadako the day after having seen the cursed video, and she points at him.
The meaning of the scene is, as explained in the proper Kanzenban question of the FAQ, that she came to show Ryuji that he has been cursed by her.
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5. How do the victims die in the theatrical series?
Please beware that this part contains spoilers.
In the theatrical series, the victims see their TV turning on to the well, which is also the last scene of the cursed video, and then Sadako crawls from the well, then she crawls from the TV set, she paralyzes the victims, and finally, shows them her left (from her perspective) eye.
This scares the victims so much, that they die of a heart failure upon this, and with their faces frozen in a rictus of fear.
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6. What does the Towel Man say in slow motion?
It's the same as the second line Sadako's grandmother said in the cursed videos in both the Ring novel and Ring: Kanzenban (twice here!).
It says Sh˘mon bakkari shite'ru to, b˘kon ga kuru zo., which literally translates to If you just keep playing in the water, the monster is going to come for you.
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7. How did Shizuko get her extra-sensorial powers?
No-one knows for sure. While in the novels, it was clearly explained that she got her extra-sensorial powers by recovering the statuette of En no Ozunu from the bottom of the ocean, it's very unclear how she got them in the movies.
However, Yamamrua Takashi does mention that Shizuko used to talk a lot to the sea, in a language which seemed not to be from this world. So maybe she had some sort of a spiritual relationship with the sea, which not only resulted in her extra-sensorial powers, but also in Sadako (hence all the assumptions that Sadako's father was something not of this world).
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8. Did Ryuji know about the well before actually seeing it under Cabin B-4?
In Ring (1998), Ryuji clearly possessed an ability of ESP powers, including clairvoyance. It's most evident when Ryuji has his flashback of Shizuko's ESP demonstration, and also brings Reiko into that.
Now, he probably also used his logic to assume that under that cabin, there was a well, since the phone only rang in Cabin B-4, and the last scene of the cursed video was a well.
So, just combine that with ESP powers, and you not only know that Ryuji did know about the well before actually seeing it under Cabin B-4, but also how he knew about it.
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Ring 2

9. How could have Sadako survived in the well for 30 years?
Although it's not known for sure, speculations were made that she could heal herself using her ESP healing powers (shown in Ring 0: Birthday), and was thus able to survive in the well for 30 years.
It's also possible that she was physically dead, but her mental energy was still present, until it got transferred onto a videotape, in the form of the well-known cursed video.
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10. How could Masami project the whole cursed video if she never saw it?
The brief glimpse of Sadako that Masami caught when Tomoko died, was enough to transfer both the Sadako crawling out of the well sequence and the cursed video into her mind. But, as that glimpse was really small, the cursed video got transferred in a weak form, and that's why Masami's projection of it appears blurry.
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11. What was the relationship between Dr. Kawajiri and Ryuji?
These two men were friends, but not so close friends. However, there might as well have been an argument between the two in the past, since Dr. Kawajiri didn't come to Ryuji's funeral, which also angered Takano Mai a lot.
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12. Was Takano Mai in love with Ryuji?
In simple words: yes, she was. It's clearly shown when she's angry just because Dr. Kawajiri didn't come to Ryuji's funeral, but then claims to have been Ryuji's friend.
She also cries a lot for Ryuji throughout the movies, and this additionally emphasizes the strength of her feelings towards him.
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13. Why did Okazaki betray Kanae?
Okazaki was basically just very afraid of watching the cursed video. And not only that - he probably also didn't believe that it could really kill you, so it probably just seemd a waste of time for him to watch the tape.
He obviously had no intention of killing Kanae - he just didn't know she would really die because of it.
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14. What's the deal with the mirror-switching scene being shown completely?
The completely shown mirror-switching scene actually explains that this scene, previously known for being the second scene in the Ring (1998) cursed video, was a scene that really happened in Sadako's life.
Anyway, the scene has the following story. Shizuko was going insane because of having been branded a charlatan and a fraud at her ESP demonstration, so she used to stand in front of that mirror and brush her hair, for literally hours.
One day, Sadako, in search of her attention, approached her and, as a childly prank, switched the mirror position some times (only one time shown in the cursed video).
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15. What does Sadako mean with "Why are you the only ones saved?"?
She means that Yoichi, with the ESP powers that he got transferred from her by watching the cursed video, was able open the lid of the well, get a rope, and thus save both him and Takano Mai.
This is exactly what Sadako tried to do in 30 years, but was never able to accomplish.
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16. Does Sadako's video curse end in Ring 2?
Sadako's video curse does end in Ring 2, since Sadako's rage is destroyed by redirecting it into the water in the pool in the Yamamura Inn, on Izu-Oshima island.
However, as the end of the movie suggests, Sawaguchi Kanae started her own curse towards Okazaki, who didn't watch the cursed tape, and thus consigned her to a horrible death.
But is Kanae's curse really only intended for Okazaki? Who knows, maybe Kanae is the new Sadako.
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Ring 0: Birthday

17. What's the point of the scene of the two girls talking about the cursed video?
The point of the scene is that the two girls realize that they both had the same dream - they saw Sadako being offed by Ikuma and thrown to the well, in the exact same place where Cabin B-4 lies nowadays.
Those members of the Hisho Acting Troupe, who don't like Sadako, also have the same dream, only that it happened 30 years before the two girls had the dream, so in times when Sadako was still alive, so Sadako actually predicted her own death.
As for why she didn't stop her own death before it happened - well, most probably, she knew she was going to be able to take revenge over the whole humanity 30 years later, so she just decided to let the events happen.
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18. Why is Miyaji searching for Sadako?
According to some sources, including the movie's script, the reporter, killed by Sadako at Shizuko's ESP demonstration, was Miyaji's fiancÚe. So basically, Miyaji is searching for Sadako to avenge the death of her fiancÚe.
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19. Why do the members of the Hish˘ Acting Troupe hate Sadako?
They hate her because she's driving them crazy, since she's occasinally being influenced by her evil little twin, which Ikuma held under sedatives in his small house in Izu, which is also the same house that appears in the dreams that the members of those same people are having.
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20. Why does Sadako kill Aiko?
In simple words: because Aiko considered Sadako something bad. Basically, Aiko failed to understand Sadako's occasional evil actions, so she started threatening Sadako, so in the end, Sadako's evil little twin killed her from within the big Sadako.
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21. What's the deal with the mysterious screeching sound when Sadako kills someone?
This mysterious screeching sound is Sadako's prototype cursed recording. It occurs in two places: in a part of the recording of a rehearsal of the play where Sadako was to play the main role - the sound appears in the moment when Sadako killed Aiko, and in the part of the recording of Shizuk's ESP demonstration where Sadako killed the reporter - the sound appears in the moment when Sadako killed the reporter.
Of course, the sounds were produced by Sadako, when killing a person, either the reporter or Aiko, and everyone who heard them, later died of heart failure - which is exactly the same thing that 30 years later happened to those who saw the cursed video.
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22. Are Sadako and T˘yama in love?
Yes, they are. At one point in the movie, they even say Aishiteru. (Japanese for I love you.) to each other, but only by moving their lips, so it can't really clearly be heard.
Sadako also warns T˘yama before she merges with her evil littler twin, because she knows that the twin will eventually kill him.
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23. How could evil Sadako espape from the small room Ikuma held her in?
This mere fact probably means that Sadako's evil, little twin was only semi-phisical - although Ikuma was able to keep her sedated, and thus prevent her growth, she was still able to easily escape when big Sadakod died and her corpse was taken to the evil little twin's vicinity.
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24. Who is Sadako's real father?
All evidence throughout the three theatrical Ring movies point towards the direction that Sadako's real father is either the sea itself or something not of this world.
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The Ring Virus

1. How does the "nursery rhyme" Sang-Mi and Chang hear at the phone relate to the cursed video?
Simply, the "nursery rhyme" is none else than the silent music, which can be heard throughout the cursed video.
So of course, it's the first thing they hear when they're about to die, just like the metallic screeching in Ring (1998) and Ring 2 (although it's slightly different here), and the sound of the cursed video in The Ring.
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2. Why is the cursed video blue and blurry?
The cursed video being blue and blurry here, is probably an attempt of the movie's authors to make the cursed video look like an old video, just like the authors of Ring (1998) did for their cursed video.
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3. What does the old lady in the cursed video say?
The explanation is in the 9th scene part of The Ring Virus cursed video scene-by-scene analysis. The 9th is the old lady, who is in fact Park Eun-Suh's grandmother.
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4. What's the deal with the nensha X-ray image Choe Yol gives to Sun-Ju?
It's simple. This very same nensha X-ray image, which appears inside the eye in the cursed video. The symbol it contains is in fact the name Eun-Suh.
The cursed vidoe's eye scene itself is just the Korean version of the eye from the Ring (1998) cursed video, which contained the sada (chastity) kanji, first kanji of the name Sadako.
The scene where Choe Yol gives the image to Sun-Ju was lifted straight out of the Ring novel, where Asakawa and Ryuji are searching for a woman with ESP powers from Izu-Oshima island among Miura Tetsuzu (he used to collect data of all people from Japan who claimed to possess ESP)'s files, and finally, they find Sadako's file, with two such X-ray images, of the kanjis yama (mountain), first kanji of Yamamura, and sada (chastity), first kanji of Sadako.
Incidentally, both kanjis also appeared in the cursed video in the novel - the yama kanji appeared directly, while the sada kanji appeared inside an old TV, which also appears in The Ring Virus cursed video, but with static instead of a kanji.
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5. Is Boram Choe Yol's daughter?
No, she's not. Unlike in Ring (1998) and The Ring, in The Ring Virus, Choe Yol never had a relation ship with Hong Sun-Ju, so of course, Boram can't be his daughter.
Incidentally, he's offering Sun-Ju some walnuts near the end of the movie, possibly because he would like to go onto a date with Sun-Ju at some point. This scene is similar to the same moment of Ring: Kanzenban, where Ryuji invites Asakawa to lunch - which is a friendly lunch, since both Ryuji and Asakawa are male in Ring: Kanzenban, just like in the Ring novel, but the lunch never occurs, since by the time the lunch should occur, Ryuji is already dead.
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6. What does Choe Yol refer to with "We saw something not of this world."?
With this line, Choe Yol refers to the cursed video, which is really not a product of this world.
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7. Who is Choe Yol calling before he dies?
Before he dies, Choe Yol is calling Sun-Ju, since he probably realized, how to solve the curse.
Note that the exact same thing happens before Ryuji dies in the novel, only that Ryuji calls Takano Mai for help, and not Asakawa.
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8. What's the point with those jumping piggies in Choe Yol's death scene?
The jumping piggies are just going mad because of the influence by Eun-Suh, as she approaches, and later kills, Choe Yol.
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American theatrical series

The Ring

1. Why are the corpses not in the same place where the victims die?
Some have speculated that Samara actually moves them, and this is also the most probable explanation for that.
While in Ring (1998), Tomoko's corpse was mysteriously moved to inside her closet, but all other bodies were found in the exact same places where the victims died, in The Ring, all of the victims are found moved when they die, including Noah Clay.
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2. Why do the corpses of Samara's victims corpses have rotten, greenish-blue faces?
The most probable reason is that Samara makes her victims appear, as if their spent some time to rot in a well.
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3. Can videotapes really have images off to the side?
Yes, it's normal, and occurs with PAL, SECAM, and NTSC videotapes.
As for why it happens, here goes the explanation. The actual video image is in a resolution of either 640x480 (NTSC) or 768x576 (PAL, SECAM), thus in a rate of 4:3 = 1.33:1. But the actual image, displayed by the TV screen, is only of a rate of 1.25:1.
So when displayed on TV, approximately 6.25% of the image is lost, 3.125% on each side (left and right). And this 3.125% of side image of both sides, which totals at 6.25% (because there are two sides, left and right), is the part of the image, that appears off to the side.
However, The Ring cursed video clearly has more than 6.25% of the image off to the side, and there's never that much image off to the side.
So yes, the tapes can really have images off to the side, but not as much off to the side, as shown in The Ring.
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4. What's the song which Samara sings in the short version of the cursed video?
This song is O, Willow Waly, lifted straight off the beinning of the 1961 Jack Clayton movie The Innocents. It was written by Georges Auric.
Its lyrigs go as follows:
We lay my love and I beneath the weeping willow. / But now alone I lie and weep beside the tree.
Singing "Oh willow waly" by the tree that weeps with me.
/ Singing "Oh willow waly" till my lover return to me.
We lay my love and I beneath the weeping willow.
/ A broken heart have I. Oh willow I die, oh willow I die.
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5. Was Samara adopted or not?
Althought there was strong evidence in The Ring, pointing towards the fact that Samara was not adopted, it's expalined in The Ring twO, that Samara was actually adoped. Her birth mother's name is Evelyn, and she tried to drown Samara, becuase Samara herself told her to drown her.
This also clearly shows that Samara was indeed probably possessed by something.
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6. Does Samara have a middle name?
Some evidence points towards Samara indeed having a middle name - the nensha X-rays she made were signed as Samara E. Morgan.
Also, knowing that Samara was indeed adopted and that her birth mother's name was Evelyn, makes it possible that Samara indeed had a middle name, and that it was in fact her birth mother's name, so that her name was probably Samara Evelyn Morgan.
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7. What are those strange images, signed with Samara's name?
Those are nensha X-ray images. The power of nensha is referred to as projected thermography in The Ring, although it's more commonly referred to as either thoughtography or psychography (this is the term used for nensha on this site).
They're based on the nensha X-rays from both The Ring Virus and the Ring novel, which contained parts of or the full girl's name - kanjis sada and yama in the Ring novel, which also appeared in the cursed video, and the name Eun-Suh, which also appeared in the cursed video.
Note that in The Ring, the contents of these nensha X-ray images don't appear in the cursed video.
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8. What are the lyrics of the song, that Samara sang right before being tossed into the well?
The lyrics of that song go as follows:
Round we go, The world is spinning. / When it stops, Its just beginning.
Sun comes up, we laugh and we cry. / Sun goes down, And then we all die...
Only the first verse can be heard before Samara gets tossed into the well.
Note that an instrumental, a bit slower, version of this song is played by the musical-doll thingy when Rachel and Noah find it in Samara's barn, but not only there - it also plays over the ending credits of the movie.
The song never appears with both instuments and voice - it's always either one or the other.
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Rings / The Ring twO

9. Why doesn't Timmy want to watch Jake's tape?
The whole story of Jake's was a plan to finally see a Day 7. So basically, we could assume that it was agreed to fool Jake into watching the tape, and then not watch his copy of the tape, and thus not save him.
Of course, he does get Emily to watch the tape in the end, but, as we see in The Ring twO, Emily closes her eyes while watching, and thus doesn't manage to save him.
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10. Why does Emily close her eyes while watching Jake's tape?
Either because she was told to do that by Timmy or his sister, or because the tape really scared her.
Either way, right becaus she closed her eyes while watching Jake's tape, Jake was doomed.
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11. Why did Daveigh not want to return back to her role of Samara in The Ring twO?
Simply because there was no role for her to take part in, in The Ring twO.
Initially, she agreed to take part of Samara in The Ring twO, but then, as the script developed, all of Samara's human parts were cut, so that only Samara's monster parts remained, which were played by Kelly Stables.
Of course, Daveigh Chase is still credited for the role of Samara in The Ring twO, because unused footage from The Ring, where she had the role of Samara, was used in The Ring twO.
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12. Why do the deer attack Rachel and Aidan?
The deer, just like the horses, sense wrong things before the humans, so they basically sensed Aidan's possessedness.
So in simple terms, the deer in The Ring twO went mad for the exact same reasons as the horses in The Ring, although their reaction to getting made was different (the horses committed suicide, the deer attacked the people) - because of Samara's "scent".
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13. Why did many mothers come to Evelyn?
The only possible expalanation for this is that the cursed video has been spreading long before Rachel came in contact with it, and thus other women have gone though the exact same experiences as Rachel did, including having their children possessed by Samara.
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14. Why does Samara want so hard to be Aidan?
Because she wants a loving mother, which Aidan has, but she never had in her entire life. She makes it clear with all the times that she says the word mommy.
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15. What's the point of Rachel's coarse-language line right before she closes the lid of the well?
Nothing, except maybe Rachel being absolutely mad at Samara, becuase she just couldn't let her son, Aidan, go.
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16. Does the curse end in The Ring twO?
Unlike Ring 2, The Ring twO doesn't make clear whether the curse ends or not.
It's possible that the curse only ends for Rachel and Aidan, since Rachel closed their well and thus prevented Samara from going and getting the again, but when someone watches the cursed video, they are still going to be cused normally
.
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Miscellaneous

1. Which languages were the books translated to?
The Ring novel was translated to Chinese, French, Spanish, German, Thai, Russian, English, Italian, Czech, Polish, and Croatian.
The Russian translation can be found here and here, for free online reading (the second link also offers a download possibility).
The Rasen novel was translated to Chinese, French, German, Thai, Russian, English, and Polish.
The Russian translation can be found here, for free online reading and download.
The Loop novel was translated to Chinese, French, German, Russian, English, and Polish.
The Birthday novel was translated to Chinese and French.
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2. Where to get the television specials?
Either a store in Japan, a Japanese website, such as Amazon Japan, or sites such as Sazuma or YesAsia.
You should also check local bootleg stores for them, usually they have them.
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3. Wasn't part of the Ring storyline based on real people and events?
That's right. Prof. Ikuma Heihachir˘ was based on Prof. Fukurai Tomokichi, Yamamura Shizuko was based on Mifune Chizuko, one of Prof. Fukurai's subjects, who, after having been branded a charlatan and a fraud at her ESP demonstration, committed suicide by ingering poison.
Yamamura Sadako was based on Takahashi Sadako, another of Prof. Fukurai's subjects (she became his subject after Chizuko), and had the powers of t˘shi (clairvoyance), and probably also nensha (psychography).
And, as already explained in the answer to the question about En no Ozunu in the Ring novel section, he was in fact a real person.
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4. Why are some of the cursed videos in the download section in such a bad quality?
The reason for this is that not all of the cursed videos had their original, full 4:3 (TV format) uncropped versions, that they watch in the movie, publicly released. Actually, the only two cursed videos which were used in Ring versions and were released in such format, were the Ring (1998) and The Ring cursed videos.
Although there is a full Ring: Kanzenban cursed video available in the end of the straight-to-video version of the movie, it's not the same version as the one they watch throughout the movie, so that's why the in-movie version of the Ring: Kanzenban cursed video is put onto the site separately.
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5. What's the deal with the Ring: Saishuushou cursed videos?
In Ring: Saishuushou, the cursed video is actually a music video, namely of the soing Shiroi yo (Japanese for White sun), by Japanese pop singer Matsuzaki Nao.
The only reason why they were put onto this site, available for download, is for completeness.
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6. Why is there no scene-by-scene analysis of The Ring twO cursed video on this site?
First of all, becuase that "cursed video" is not a cursed video at all. It has only been used as a cursed video in the RINGS Alternate Reality Game, at which the Ring of Lightning takes part, with this site, and this section at the forum.
Second of all, that cursed video has a lot of scenes which have not been explained yet, so there would be nothing to write about them in a scene-by-scene analysis of this cursed video, except maybe that these scenes don't have any special meaning yet.
But a cursed video scene-by-scene analysis with most of the scenes being marked as not having any special meaning yet, would be pointless, so that's why it hasn't been done.
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7. Are Asakawa Kazuyuki, Noah Clay, Richard Morgan and Samara Morgan real people?
In simple words: no, they aren't. Of course, there are certainly real people with those names, and some of them even appear on various websites around the Internet, such as this site about a real man named Asakawa Kazuyuki, or this site about a real girl named Samara Morgan.
However, apart from the name, these people have absolutely nothing to do with their homonymous characters from the various incarnations of the Ring.
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8. Will any further Ring stories/versions be made?
Currently, there are The Ring 3 / The Ring thr3E, also commonly referred to as The Ring zerO in the U.S., and a Loop movie in Japan, both in production, only that there are more news about The Ring 3, than about Loop, and The Ring 3 also has an IMDb page, while Loop doesn't have one yet.
There is also rumor about a Japanese Ring 3 to be made, but probably only Loop will be made, and somehow tied into the story, set by Ring (1998), Ring 2, and Ring 0: Birthday, also because the authors are pretending that Rasen movie never happened.
As for unofficial Ring versions and stories, there are a lot of fan fictions being written around the Ring Forum and the Ring of Lightning Forums, including ports of the Ring storyline to other countries, such as Portugal or Chile, a script for a Ring movie based 1:1 on the novel, an Americanized version of the Rasen story, and even a manga, based on a combination between The Ring movie and the Ring novel.
All of these fan fictions are mentioned in the Fan Fictions page on this site.
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